RFID systems are growing quickly, and as such, it is crucial to understand various standards that regularize them. These standards ensure that manufacturers maintain important norms across different industries. Moreover, international standards ensure uniform operations across the globe with greater compatibility. It is hard to have compatibility among different tags and readers from various manufacturers with protocols and compliances.
Organizations That Standardize RFID
There are two international organizations that regulate and implement standards for technologies such as RFID. These two international includes:
While these are two leading organizations to maintain RFID standards, there are still a few other standards that also apply.
Breaking Down Different Types Of Standards For RFID
Here’s a list of standards that ensure the uniformity and compatibility among the standards:
This standard is specifically for close coupling RFID cards.
These protocols include code structure & air interface for RF identification for animals.
ISO 14443 standard defines the norms for contactless IC cards/proximity cards for applications such as payment systems.
The following standard specifies unique identification characters for transport units into the supply chain.
ISO 15693 is used for vicinity cards that can be read from a distance more than proximity cards.
ISO standard that specifies registration of RFID data constructs for item management.
It defines the data encoding rules and logical memory functions for RFID item management.
ISO 16963 specifies a standard for unique identifiers of RF tags for item management.
This standard is also for item identification and management, focusing on air interface for RFID frequencies worldwide.
The given standard is for application requirement profiles based on operational parameters.
It specifies general requirements and performance test methods for RFID tag systems.
This standard defines test methods for testing the conformance of RFID tags and interrogators.
ISO 24710 is defined for elementary tags that have limited memory capability for identification and data capture.
Parts of ISO 24729 outline the guidelines for implementing RFID for recycling, as well as antenna installation.
The standard is defined for RFID real-time locating system (RTLS) application program interfaces.
It defines a system management protocol for data capture and automatic identification with RFID.
This standard specifies air interface commands for sensor functionality and battery assist.
ISO 24769 defines the conformance test techniques for real-time locating systems on RFID (RTLS).
It defines the performance test techniques for real-time locating systems on RFID (RTLS).
Several protocols need to be followed for various purposes. This set of standards ensure that a particular innovation is safe, secure, universal, and compatible with different components. Moreover, the growth of new applications with RFID and NFC will further demand better regulations for end customer’s protection. For manufacturers, it is vital to verify that a design is fully compliant with design, functioning as well as end application standards.